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Informational Only

This challenge is no longer accepting new submissions.

2018 RAMP: Reusable Abstractions of Manufacturing Processes

Building up a US manufacturing resource!

Department of Commerce - National Institute of Standards and Technology

Total Cash Prizes Offered:
Type of Challenge:
Partner Agencies | Federal:
Partner Agencies | Non-federal:
Submission Start: ET
Submission End: ET

This challenge is externally hosted.

You can view the challenge details here:


On April 5, we held another live webinar that focused on submission guidelines for RAMP 2018 and improvements to the UMP Builder, an open tool that helps participants record Unit Manufacturing Process models.   An example submission of a Face Milling Model was reviewed to help communicate the required components of a RAMP 2018 submission.   A transcript of the Q&A during the live webinar will be made available via the discussion board. You can find a copy of the slides here. You can access the webinar recording here.
On February 6, we held a live webinar to discuss the rules and logistics of RAMP 2018.  You can find the webinar recording here  and a copy of the slides here.  The webinar also demonstrated a prototype tool to support RAMP 2018 called the UMP Builder, which can be accessed at  Please use the discussion board if you have any questions.
In the future, manufacturing will be planned out in the virtual world. How can we do this if we don’t even have models for the basic processes such as welding, drilling, and forging? Sewing, assembly, or distillation? Nope, we don’t even have models for those either! At least, not the types of models really needed for our high-tech world. Manufacturers need models to improve operations, to protect the environment, to share information, and to compose them into systems. Using your models will let manufacturers simulate, improve, and optimize all sorts of processes. Showcase your manufacturing research by entering the RAMP 2018 Challenge!  Finalists will be invited to present their entries in a workshop at the co-located ASME International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference (MSEC) 2018 and the 46th NAMRI/SME North American Manufacturing Research Conference (NAMRC) in College Station, TX, on June 18-22.  Click on the "Rules" link on the left of the page to check out the official rules for details on eligibility and submission criteria.

Theme: This year's RAMP competition will be underlined by the theme...

Tracking Resources and Flows through the System

Similar to last year's competition, the building blocks of each submission are the Unit Manufacturing Process (UMP) models, which represent Reusable Abstractions of Manufacturing Processes (RAMP). Two of the main drivers within this Theme are sustainability and composability. Particular interest will be paid to those submissions that address some element of both drivers. Possible approaches that participants could take to address this year's theme include (but are not limited to) the following:

  • Composition of a set of UMP models to conduct material flow analysis (MFA)
  • Waste minimization for part manufacturing (or product assembly) using UMP models
  • Detailed sustainability analysis of a single process using multiple UMP representations
  • Environmental and economic tradeoff analysis using alternative UMP methods
  • Balanced benefits and burden related to sustainability of UMPs
New to 2018 RAMP:  The most significant upgrade to this year's competition is the new UMP Schema that must be followed for submission.   The schema is expressed as an eXtensible Markup Language (XML) Schema Definition (XSD).  Participants can import the schema into any XML editing tool to help build their XML submissions.  Examples of well-formed XML documents built from the schema include an Atomic Layer Deposition UMP Model and a Data-Driven Milling UMP Model.  More information about the schema can be found in the Rules.


Timothy Simon, Yiran Yang, Wo Jae Lee, Jing Zhao
Purdue University

Dustin Harper, Sriram Manoharan
Oregon State University

Ian Garretson, Barbara Linke
University of California, Davis


First Place
Cash Prize Amount: $1000

Second Place
Cash Prize Amount: $750

Third Place
Cash Prize Amount: $500

Runner Up
Cash Prize Amount: $200

Runner Up
Cash Prize Amount: $200

Runner Up
Cash Prize Amount: $200


Judging Criteria

Percentage: 10
Submission follows the guidelines and includes all necessary components. All submissions must describe the approach taken to validate the work and provide both a graphical and formal representation of the UMP information model. See examples above.

Percentage: 15
Model reflects the complexities of the manufacturing process, especially those which influence sustainability indicators such as energy and material consumption.

Clarity and adherence to theme
Percentage: 30
Model is clear in describing the process and the process-related information and its contribution to advancing the theme.

Percentage: 30
Submission accurately models the process as shown through validation.

Percentage: 15
Approach taken develops new techniques to address the Theme and to advance model reusability or reliability.

Finalist Judging Criteria at Live Event
Percentage: 100
Eight finalists will be invited to present before a panel of judges at the 2018 ASME International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference (MSEC). NIST reserves the right to name fewer than eight finalists. A panel of judges will determine the winners. Judges will review each of the entries and any corresponding technical assessments provided by subject matter experts. Finalists will give a 15-minute presentation describing their submission and how well it meets the judging criteria. Time permitting, this will include a question and answer session after each presentation. Judges will deliberate and then rank the finalist entries based on review of subject matter results (75%) along with presentation clarity, content, and quality conveyed in the presentation (25%) at MSEC 2018.

How To Enter