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NCATS ASPIRE Design Challenge 3
Predictive Algorithms for Translational Innovation in Pain, Opioid Use Disorder and Overdose
Department of Health and Human Services - National Institutes of Health
Submission Start: 12/31/2018 12:00 PM ET
Submission End: 05/31/2019 12:00 PM ET
SUMMARY OF NCATS ASPIRE DESIGN CHALLENGE 3
Predictive Algorithms for Translational Innovation in Pain, Opioid Use Disorder and Overdose
Challenge 3 aims to address the need for open source, advanced machine learning algorithms that would facilitate the discovery of novel, efficacious and non-addictive analgesics and/or treatments for drug abuse. This challenge requires submission of only a detailed description of the design of the algorithms, not the final working versions. While initially the innovators can use their own training sets to demonstrate functionality of an algorithm, in the envisioned follow-on Reduction-to-Practice stage, the algorithm will be expected to incorporate and analyze data generated from Challenges 1, 2 and 4.
Evaluation criteria that reviewers will be asked to address are specified under the "Judging Criteria" tab.
For complete details on the challenge, visit the NCATS ASPIRE Design Challenge 3 details page.
About NCATS ASPIRE Design Challenges
The National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) is inviting novel design solutions for A Specialized Platform for Innovative Research Exploration (NCATS ASPIRE) Challenges as part of the NCATS ASPIRE Program. The goal of the NCATS ASPIRE Design Challenges is to reward and spur innovative and catalytic approaches towards solving the opioid crisis through development of: (1) novel chemistries; (2) data-mining and analysis tools and technologies; and (3) biological assays that will revolutionize discovery, development and pre-clinical testing of next generation, safer and non-addictive analgesics to treat pain, as well as new treatments for opioid use disorder (OUD) and overdose. The first phase of these prize competitions is implemented through a suite of concurrent companion design challenges that comprises a separate challenge for each of four areas: chemistry database, electronic laboratory knowledge portal for synthetic chemistry, algorithms, and biological assays; and an additional challenge for a combined solution to at least two Challenge areas. At this stage, innovators are expected to submit designs, not final products or prototypes.NCATS envisions following these design challenges with a follow-on, but distinct, final reduction-to-practice challenge, which will aim to invoke further scientific and technological development of the model system. Winners of the design challenges will be invited to present their designs so that, in the envisioned follow-up Reduction-to-Practice Challenge, an open competition, teams will be able to form multi-disciplinary collaborations to advance and integrate the most feasible and promising approaches to the multiple challenges into a single integrative platform. Innovators will be invited to demonstrate final solutions.
The NCATS ASPIRE Design Challenges are part of the of the NIH’s Helping to End Addiction Long-term (HEAL) initiative to speed scientific solutions to the national opioid public health crisis. The NIH HEAL Initiative will bolster research across NIH to (1) improve treatment for opioid misuse and addiction and (2) enhance pain management. More information about the HEAL Initiative is available at: https://www.nih.gov/research-training/medical-research-initiatives/heal-initiative.
NCATS refers to participants in the NCATS ASPIRE Design Challenges as “innovators” because all solutions will require highly innovative approaches to achieve success. Innovators should clearly state how and why the proposed solution would provide significant advances over currently available tools. Innovators may choose to compete in one or more individual challenges to address a single area (Challenges 1-4) or propose a combined solution for at least two Challenge areas (Challenge 5).
For further information send an email to NCATSASPIREChallenge@mail.nih.gov.
Cash Prize Amount: $500000
The total prize purse is $500,000. Up to five (5) winners will be selected.
For details on payment of the prize and for-profit entity matching requirement, visit the NCATS challenge details page.
Innovators must be 18 years of age or older and may participate singly or as part of one or more teams. Teams are not limited in the number of members. Each team must designate a captain who must be a U.S. citizen or permanent resident who is responsible for all correspondence regarding this Challenge. Teams may also merge, collaborate, subdivide or otherwise organize themselves and their members as needed to prepare a solution for this Challenge.
- To be eligible to win a prize under this Challenge, an individual or entity:
- Shall have registered to participate in the Challenge under the rules promulgated by NIH as published in this notice;
- Shall have complied with all the requirements set forth in this notice;
- In the case of a private entity, shall be incorporated in and maintain a primary place of business in the United States, and in the case of an individual, whether participating singly or in a group, shall be a citizen or permanent resident of the United States. However, non-U.S. citizens and non-permanent residents can participate as a member of a team that otherwise satisfies the eligibility criteria. Non-U.S. citizens and non-permanent residents are not eligible to win a monetary prize (in whole or in part). Their participation as part of a winning team, if applicable, may be recognized when the results are announced.
- May not be a federal entity or federal employee acting within the scope of their employment;
- May not be an employee of HHS (or any component of HHS) acting in their personal capacity;
- Is employed by a federal agency or entity other than HHS (or any component of HHS), should consult with an agency ethics official to determine whether the federal ethics rules will limit or prohibit the acceptance of a prize under this Challenge;
- May not be a judge of the Challenge or any other party involved with the design, production, execution or distribution of the Challenge or the immediate family of such a party (i.e., spouse, parent, stepparent, child, or stepchild).
- Federal grantees may not use federal funds to develop their Challenge submissions unless use of such funds is consistent with the purpose of their grant award and specifically requested to do so due to the Challenge design and as announced on Challenge.gov.
- Federal contractors may not use federal funds from a contract to develop their submissions or to fund efforts in support of their submissions.
- Submissions must not infringe upon any copyright or any other rights of any third party.
- By participating in this Challenge, each individual (whether competing singly or in a group) and entity agrees to assume any and all risks and waive claims against the federal government and its related entities (as defined in the COMPETES Act), except in the case of willful misconduct, for any injury, death, damage or loss of property, revenue or profits, whether direct, indirect or consequential, arising from participation in this Challenge, whether the injury, death, damage or loss arises through negligence or otherwise.
- Based on the subject matter of the Challenge, the type of work that it will possibly require and an analysis of the likelihood of any claims for death, bodily injury, property damage or loss potentially resulting from Challenge participation, no individual (whether competing singly or in a group) or entity participating in the Challenge is required to obtain liability insurance or demonstrate financial responsibility in order to participate in this Challenge.
- By participating in this Challenge, each individual (whether competing singly or in a group) and entity agrees to indemnify the federal government against third-party claims for damages arising from or related to Challenge activities.
- An individual or entity shall not be deemed ineligible because the individual or entity used federal facilities or consulted with federal employees during the Challenge if the facilities and employees are made available to all individuals and entities participating in the Challenge on an equitable basis.
- By participating in this Challenge, each individual (whether participating singly or in a group) and each entity grants to NIH an irrevocable, paid-up, royalty-free nonexclusive worldwide license to reproduce, publish, post, link to, share and display publicly the submission on the web or elsewhere. Each innovator will retain all other intellectual property rights in their submissions, as applicable.
- NIH reserves the right, in its sole discretion, to (a) cancel, suspend or modify the Challenge and/or (b) not award any prizes if no entries are deemed worthy.
- Each individual (whether participating singly or in a group) or entity agrees to follow all applicable federal, state and local laws, regulations and policies.
- By participating in this Challenge, each individual (whether participating singly or in a group) warrants that he or she is the sole author or owner of or has the right to use any copyrightable works that the submission comprises, that the works are wholly original with the innovator (or is an improved version of an existing work that the innovator has sufficient rights to use and improve) and that the submission does not infringe any copyright or any other rights of any third party of which the innovator is aware. To receive an award, innovators will not be required to transfer their intellectual property rights to NIH, but innovators must grant to the federal government a nonexclusive license to practice their solutions and use the materials that describe them. This license must grant to the United States government a nonexclusive, nontransferable, irrevocable, paid-up, royalty-free license to practice or have practiced for or on behalf of the United States throughout the world any invention made by the innovators that covers the submission. In addition, the license must grant to the federal government and others acting on its behalf a fully paid, nonexclusive, irrevocable, worldwide license in any copyrightable works that the submission comprises, including the right to reproduce, prepare derivative works, distribute copies to the public and perform publicly and display publicly said copyrightable works. To participate in the Challenge, each innovator must warrant that there are no legal obstacles to providing the above-referenced nonexclusive licenses of the innovator’s rights to the federal government.
- Each individual (whether participating singly or in a group) and entity participating in this Challenge must comply with all terms and conditions of these rules, and participation in this Challenge constitutes each such innovator’s full and unconditional agreement to abide by these rules. Winning is contingent upon fulfilling all requirements herein.
- By participating in this Challenge, each individual (whether participating singly or in a group) agrees to allow NCATS to publicly display (e.g., on websites) solution abstracts, as submitted by innovators in the submission package.
- By participating in this Challenge, each individual (whether participating singly or in a group) assures NCATS that any data used for the purpose of submitting an entry for this Challenge competition, were obtained legally through authorized access to such data.
Basis upon Which Submissions Will Be Evaluated
A panel of federal and non-federal reviewers, with expertise directly relevant to the Challenge, will evaluate the solutions based on feasibility and ability to achieve the criteria listed below. The solutions and evaluation statements from the technical panel will then be reviewed by federal employees serving as judges, who will select the Challenge winners, subject to the final decision by the Award Approving Official. The NCATS will provide feedback from the technical experts and judges to the winners and non-winners on their respective submissions.
The points assigned to each set of evaluation criteria are guidelines from NCATS to suggest which scientific milestones are of emphasis and interest to the Center. All winners are highly encouraged to participate in future NCATS ASPIRE Reduction-to-Practice Challenges that NCATS is planning.
Only complete submissions will be reviewed.
Challenge 3. Predictive Algorithms for Translational Innovation in Pain, Opioid Use Disorder and Overdose. This Challenge aims to reward and spur innovative solutions to the development machine learning algorithms that would aid the discovery of novel analgesics and/or treatments for opioid addiction and overdoses. For example, an algorithm can be developed to identify side groups and/or include ratio of bond types or atom types in a molecule in order to identify signatures that are less likely to trigger addiction. The ultimate goal is to utilize the data from Challenge 1 and Challenge 2 during the envisioned Reduction-to-Practice Challenge to provide proof-of-concept and design, synthesize, optimize and test novel compounds that are less likely to trigger addiction or are able to treat addiction/overdose. Optimized novel small-molecule leads would be tested for their bioactivity using physiologically relevant models developed in Challenge 4 in order to provide proof-of-concept for therapeutic hypotheses to treat pain, addiction and overdose.
Evaluation Criterion 1: Impact and Innovation (20 points)
- Did the team identify potential roadblocks and suggest additional expertise that would be utilized to facilitate resolution of roadblocks to implementation?
- Given that innovation is considered using a groundbreaking or paradigm-shifting approach or using existing approaches in an innovative way, to what degree is the proposed design innovative, creative and original?
- To what extent is the proposed approach feasible, and how high is its likelihood to succeed?
- Has the innovator or team of innovators demonstrated that appropriate expertise was utilized during development of the design?
- Have the innovators established their own initial training datasets that can be used to demonstrate the algorithms’ functionality on the set?
- Does the training data set include structurally diverse compounds?
- To what extent have the innovators demonstrated why/how the proposed solution can outperform existing algorithms?
- How well has the proposed solution demonstrated its ability to provide critical information necessary for the development of novel treatments and therapies for pain, drug addiction and/or overdose?
Evaluation Criterion 2: Algorithm Design Functionality and Implementation (20 points)
- How well are the algorithms documented for completing a task on a training set and making predictions on a new set of compounds? (Are the steps precisely stated)?
- To what extent are the algorithms implemented with open source codes/packages or commercial software packages?
- Have the innovators designed a web portal or tool/platform that is accessible to research community to run the proposed algorithms and generate predictions on their compounds of interest?
- How well have the innovators explained how their algorithms meet the criteria of precision, uniqueness, finiteness, definiteness, input, output and effectiveness?
- How well can the algorithms identify structural and/or functional similarities in a diverse set of molecules?
- How well can the algorithms identify specific signatures that may be associated with addiction?
- How well can the algorithms compare the mechanism of action between multiple drugs and identify structural/functional similarities between them?
- How successful are the algorithms in identifying structurally diverse drugs with similar pharmacological effect?
- To what degree can the algorithms provide additional context for drug activity that can be used to identify or anticipate off-target effects?
Evaluation Criterion 3: Record of Innovation (10 points)
- How well have the innovators demonstrated experience with creating solutions that:
- Connect across multiple computational modeling and simulation tools and frameworks;
- Evaluate and adjust models based on new data, as the data becomes available; and
- Evaluate and adjust models based on the successes or failures of predicting phenomena observed in humans and, where biologically justified, in animals?
How To Enter
- View the "Solution Submission Instructions and Template" section of the NCATS ASPIRE Design Challenges details page.
- Create an account on Challenge.gov, or use an existing account, to submit your solution, including all information required in the application template.
- Use the Submission Template to format your submission.
- Submit your proposal by NOON Eastern time on May 31, 2019.